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6 Main Types of Heart Disease

By Erik Gans, 9:00 am on

There are many different types of heart disease that can affect aging adults. Fortunately, seniors can often prevent these cardiovascular disorders by making healthy lifestyle choices. Here are six of the main types of heart disease. 

1. Arrhythmia

This disease is characterized by irregular heartbeats. Arrhythmia can affect the heart’s ability to pump blood, and it is fairly common among aging adults. One of the best ways to prevent irregular heart rhythms is to make healthy lifestyle choices such as eating fruits, vegetables, and low-fat foods.

Maintaining a high quality of life can be challenging for some seniors, but professional caregivers can help them obtain this goal. Families can trust in Fairfield, CT, non-medical home care experts to help their elderly loved ones focus on lifestyle choices that increase the chances of living a longer and healthier life.

2. Atherosclerosis

One of the many problems caused by plaque buildup along the arteries is atherosclerosis. This heart condition can lead to several health issues, including strokes and heart attacks. To prevent this from happening, seniors should exercise regularly. Aerobic exercise can reduce the risk of atherosclerosis by lowering blood pressure, controlling weight, and minimizing the amount of fat in the blood. 

3. Heart Failure

When the heart muscle becomes too damaged, it can no longer pump blood through the body, which leads to heart failure. To prevent this condition, it’s important to adopt healthy lifestyle habits such as exercising regularly. Smoking increases blood clots, and one of the best ways to reduce the risk of heart failure is to quit this habit. 

Families who find it difficult to care for their aging loved ones without assistance can benefit greatly from professional respite care. Fairfield, CT, family caregivers who need a break from their caregiving duties can turn to Home Care Assistance. Using our proprietary Balanced Care Method, our respite caregivers can encourage your loved one to eat well, exercise regularly, get plenty of mental and social stimulation, and focus on other lifestyle factors that promote longevity.

4. Rheumatic Heart Disease

Unlike other cardiovascular disorders, rheumatic heart disease can occur in young adults. However, elderly people are also susceptible to this disease, which is caused by rheumatic fever. Seniors who have had rheumatic fever in the past should be careful about their cardiovascular health, and they should follow the treatment plans prescribed by their doctors. 

5. Congenital Heart Disease

When a person is born with abnormal valves, a hole in the heart, or other malformations, it is known as congenital heart disease. Seniors with congenital heart disease need to make healthy lifestyle choices such as maintaining a healthy weight, following a heart-healthy diet, and limiting alcohol consumption. 

Seniors with congenital heart disease might find exercising difficult, but it is important for them to remain active. Doctors often advise people with congenital heart disease to practice yoga, do light weight lifting, or go for walks. 

6. Inflammatory Heart Disease

Inflammation can negatively affect the heart muscle. Seniors can reduce their risk of inflammatory heart disease by getting an adequate amount of sleep every night. Studies show seniors who sleep less than 7.5 hours a night are at risk for heart attacks and strokes, which are often caused by inflammation in the heart. 

Heart disease is one of the many risk factors for cognitive impairment. Seniors with cardiovascular health issues are susceptible to dementia and other forms of cognitive decline. For some seniors in Fairfield, dementia home care is essential. Regular mental stimulation helps slow the progression of the disease, supervision reduces the risk of dangerous behaviors, and compassionate companionship is a wonderful solution for alleviating the symptoms of dementia. For high-quality live-in, respite, and dementia care, call Home Care Assistance at 203-955-1915.